A brief guide to choosing the right lure for bass.
Size/Silhouette– The size and silhouette of your lure is determined by the fish’s natural prey. Figure out what forage fish are present in the water. Shad, bluegill, trout, grubs, and worms are common prey of bass. In tough conditions when fish are picky and not biting, size down. If you’re catching lots of fish and want to focus on catching the big mama, size up.
Color– Lighter, natural colors work better in good water clarity, and darker, brighter colors work best in stained and dirty water.
Depth– Where the fish are holding is based on water temperature and the season. In extreme heat and extreme cold, fish retreat to further depths. During the spawn, fish move into the shallows to lay their eggs. Bass like areas with easy access to shallow and deep water. Big bass are often located at the edge of a steep drop off.
Speed– Power fishing lures like jigs, spinnerbaits, and crankbaits are fun when fish are active. But when their metabolism slows down in the cooler months, they don’t need to eat as much. This is when you need to slow down down your presentation and put the lure on the fish’s nose. It’s the ideal time for a carolina rig or drop shot.
Water Displacement– Rattles and vibrating lures can sometimes mean the difference between fishing and catching. In windy conditions and stained water they help fish locate your lure. In calm clear water, they can spook fish.
One of the most difficult things about fishing is knowing when to stick with a lure, and when to change. What we call good fisherman are the ones who figure out this riddle.